Blood Cancer

Some common blood cancer symptoms include:

  • Coughing or chest pain
  • Fever or chills(37.5°C or above) that is unexplained
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or rashthat’s unexplained
  • Loss of appetite or nausea
  • Night sweats
  • Persistent weakness and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen, painless lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Weight loss that’s unexplained
  • Bruising or bleeding that’s unexplained
  • Lumps or swellings
  • Shortness of breath (breathlessness)
  • Drenching night sweats
  • infectionsthat are persistent, recurrent or severe
  • Pain in your bones, joints or abdomen (stomach area)
  • Lymph node (gland) enlargement
  • Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs
  • Delirium and confusion
  • Abnormal bleeding in gums nose and cuts, which will lead to platelet reduction
  • Bone/joint pain
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin

Test and procedures to diagnose blood cancers may include:

  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow exam
  • Diagnostic imaging tests — CT scan, PET scan, and x-ray
  • Physical exam
  • Surgical lymph node removal (for examination)

Common blood cancer treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapies
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Stem cell transplants

Although we don’t normally know exactly why someone will develop blood cancer, there are things that we know can affect your risk:

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Sex
  • Smoke
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
  • Radiationor chemical exposure
  • Weak immune system
  • Certain infections